Introduction • Aim • Ethic • Structure • Implementation • Outputs • Funding • Process • How
to submit •
Africa 2009, was launched in 1998 at the regional meeting of
African cultural heritage professionals held in Abidjan, Côte
d'Ivoire. This program is a joint effort of the UNESCO World Heritage
in partnership with the specialized organizations and institutions
in Africa. The aim of the program is to improve the conditions
of the conservation of
immovable cultural heritage in the region while placing it within
the larger framework of sustainable development. It is rooted
in the notion that the
problems facing conservation in Africa must be addressed not only
through technical solutions, but also through better taking
into account the relationship
between the immovable heritage, its relevant communities and its
AFRICA 2009 is structured to take advantage of activities
- At the regional level, the projet cadre favors reflection
and progress of thoughts, and guarantees continuity within individual
activities and the dissemination of results. Courses, seminars,
the improvement of networking are implemented, based on the realization
that the best way to treat problems is to work together, share
ideas, and develop
common frameworks which can be adapted to specific local needs.
the site level, the projet situés ensure that AFRICA 2009 is deeply
rooted in the realities of the field while responding to specific
needs of selected
sites in terms of training and implementation of conservation activities.
Information from projets situés nourish the activities developed
within the projet cadre, while in turn, the knowledge and new ideas developed
in the projet cadre are used in later projets situés. Through this
continuous loop of feedback and response, the program creates specific
references and models, which can be used for planning and management at
both the site and national levels.
Aim of a projet situé
Apart from its role within the overall program, the aim of a projet situé is to improve the conditions for conservation at a specific
site in the region. It is designed to rationalize working methods and adapt
them to the realities on the ground so as to respond to the specific needs
of the selected site.
Although adopting a very pragmatic and operational approach, a projet situé is
a mean to upgrade the capacity of national/local professionals and reinforce
the participation and awareness of local populations, rather than as a one
time improvement of the state of conservation of the site. projets situés are also to establish self confidence within the local/national custodians
and to enhance their recognition as efficient professionals.
As was suggested at the Directors Seminars, there are links between Africa
2009 and the “Global Strategy” in the view of increasing the
representation of African heritage on the World Heritage List. Therefore,
the preparation of nominations to the World Heritage List will also be considered
for projets situés.
It should be noted that the projets situés that have been implemented
to date have dealt mostly with heritage sites of a limited dimension. In
the medium term, AFRICA 2009 program is committed to developing projects
of a larger dimension related to the historical environment in urban and
rural areas, archeological sites and cultural landscapes. Projects aiming
at developing policies and to establish their subsequent juridical, institutional
and administrative frameworks at national levels will also be considered.
The concept of projet situé should be seen as very flexible.
Ethic of projets situés
The projets situés are to develop conservation activities at individual
involve local communities in planning for and protecting heritage
resources within their territory;
give priority to local knowledge systems, human resources, skills,
ensure capacity building;
create a stable equilibrated base on which further sustainable developments
can be made;
give priority to simple, incremental solutions to problems, that
can easily be implemented within an existing framework;
focus on prevention and maintenance as a cost effective and sustainable
strategy for management and conservation;
ensure tangible benefits to local communities;
create awareness and respect for international conservation norms.
Structure of a projet situé
The content of a projet situé is defined according to the particular
needs of a site and its specific context. Besides staff training and
actual implementation of conservation activities, educational and sensitization
activities can be developed for decision-makers, professionals, technicians,
artisans, and local communities. Efforts are made to use projets situés
as a mean to train staff at the national level, and when possible at
the sub-regional or regional level.
The projets situés are to develop a “planned intervention” philosophy
rather than an “emergency intervention” philosophy. The
following illustrates a possible structure for a projet situé.
- The stabilization of the existing state of conservation of the
site by minimizing or stopping the major risks of degradation, while
exploring the possibility of initiating a sustainable system of funding
for continued maintenance and preservation.
- A deepening of knowledge about the site, its values and the factors
which affect it, leading to the elaboration of a management plan which
places monitoring, maintenance, and conservation into a sustainable
- The progressive enhancement of the conservation and presentation
of the site, on a scientific and historical basis, including possible
conservation/restoration works, improvement of interpretive displays,
development of publications, and the organization of tourism and/or
Implementation of a projet situé
To guarantee sustainability of projects, partnership and shared responsibility
is set up, based on mutual knowledge of the partners, and on a common
understanding of needs and methodologies for action. A preliminary
proposal is to be prepared for consideration by Africa 2009 Steering
Committee. Once funding is secured, a detailed plan of action is elaborated,
and work can begin. Progress is monitored so as to adapt the plan of
action to opportunities and possible unforeseen problems encountered.
Projects can be carried out in a single year, but more likely are spread
out over a number of years with progressive phases corresponding to
the structure outlined above. International inputs (missions and training
seminars/workshops) can take place periodically while work by the local/national
custodians is taking place on longer periods, often continuously.
Evaluations are carried out before launching new phases. It is envisioned
that 2 years after the completion of a projet situé, a final
evaluation will be carried out to measure more accurately the effectiveness
of the mechanisms that have been put into place. These evaluations are
required to continuously learn from the work being carried out, and
to fine tune methodologies and frameworks of thoughts.
A projet situé can serve as a model for work to be carried out
at other sites in the country or even the surrounding region. It can
also be used as an opportunity to organize a national workshop, short
term courses, exchange programs, internships, and study tours.
Projets situés are implemented by the national/local
cultural heritage professionals in collaboration with AFRICA 2009 program
and/or other consultants. Africa 2009 already uses and will more and
more use the expertise of former participants to activities of either
projet cadre or projets situés. For each projet situé,
an agreed upon project proposal is to be adopted by all parties before
funding can be sought and work begun.
Through their various stages, projets situés lead to a
progressive improvement of local / national capacities in some of the
(according to needs):
- staff competence at various levels to form an operational team;
- knowledge of the site and its social, economic, and cultural context;
- knowledge of the potential of the local know-how and competence;
of conservation techniques;
- appropriation of conservation strategies,
giving priority first to the preservation of the site and then, to its
- elaboration of management plans with short, medium and
long term actions related to the maintenance, conservation, and presentation
of the site;
- staff organization, and share of responsibilities within potential
- availability of tools and equipment to
improve the efficiency of the field crew;
- revenue accruing activities
at the site or institution level.
It should be stressed that projets situés are not primarily
aimed at the completion of specific work, but to set up the essential
conditions for the local team to take charge of further activities
at the site and to create a stable equilibrated base on which additional
sustainable developments can be made.
Fundraising for the projets situés is carried out on a case by
case basis to adapt to the specific needs, environment, opportunities
and constraints of the site. Proposals are written for an entire project,
or on a step-by-step approach. This later method allows for subsequent
fundraising to be based on the successful completion of previous work.
It should be noted that individual phases of the projects do not need
to be costly. Requests for projets situés to Africa 2009 should
remain around € 20,000, as it is only in exceptional cases that
this amount might be exceeded. More important than money is the strong
will at the national/local level to build capacity and carry out conservation
Since 2003, Africa 2009 programme has a specific budget line for projets situés, but it is quite limited. Therefore, fundraising for projets situés should also be aimed at the World Heritage Fund, bilateral
and multilateral development agencies, embassies, foundations, and local
or international businesses. With an addition of sources for funding,
it will be possible to implement more ambitious projects.
Projets situés can be classified under 3 main
- Projects implemented with AFRICA 2009 funding and local resources.
- Projects co-financed by AFRICA 2009 and another donor (e.g. WHC-UNESCO,
World Monuments Funds, Embassies, private companies, etc.).
- Projects implemented without any AFRICA 2009 funding, but which are
indirectly benefiting from the AFRICA 2009 programme. (e.g. implemented
by former course participants and/or using guidance provided by AFRICA
Positive decision by the Steering Committee is influenced by the commitment
of the national institution in raising extra funds. It is highly desirable
that national/local agencies would contribute to the projects, either
with some amount of funding or resources. Primary responsibility for
external fundraising is with the national institution but assistance
and/or support from AFRICA 2009 may be possible.
Three stages have to be followed before a Projet
Situé can be
- Project preparation and submission
- Approval by the steering committee
- Preparation of the Memorandum of Understanding
This process can take up to a year, pending on the date of the steering
committee meeting, and the availability of information to prepare the
MoU (Memorendum of understanding). Implementation of Projet situé is
averaging a period of 2 years. In order to better focus your request,
you can receive advice from Africa 2009 staff and more specifically
from CRATerre-ENSAG who is responsible for the implementation of Projet
Approval by the steering committee
The Steering committee examines proposals once a year, in December.
Projects are normally considered in December for implementation in
the following year. Please note that the amount available for technical
assistance is limited, so it is not possible to honour every request.
Technical assistance by AFRICA 2009 must sometimes be seen as seed money
for the implementation of larger projects requiring important funding.
The AFRICA 2009 technical assistance can serve to assist your institution
in developing a management plan or draw up a conservation project with
a precise budget and implementation schedule for example.
The submission of a first intent paper is recommended, as this will
allow the requesting institution to first receive an in-principle agreement
before a more concrete and detailed proposal is prepared. Decision may
also be taken to provide assistance to finalise the request.
Criteria for Selection
The recommendations of the Abidjan Meeting in 1998 and the Directors
Seminars held in Mombasa in 1999 and Porto Novo in 2000 stressed the
need for continued
development of the projets situés. To ensure fairness and transparency
in the process of selection, and that chosen projects meet the long term
strategic needs of Africa 2009, criteria have been elaborated. In specific
cases, the program may still take advantage of short term opportunities
when they are of specific interest.
1) Criteria for the projet situé itself:
- there is an urgency for intervention due to immediate threats;
- a specific and/or representative problem is encountered by the team
- a strong training component has been integrated within
- proper review and evaluation mechanisms are built into
the project so that it can actually contribute significantly to the
- there is a potential to develop subsequent phases;
- there is a potential
for raising adequate funds
- the project is sustainable after implementation.
In addition, one of the following criteria must be met:
- the site is representative of a type of African immovable heritage
which has not yet been dealt with by the AFRICA 2009 program; or
work on the site will add to the information on a typology that has
already been addressed by the AFRICA 2009 program.
Please note that there is also a desire to:
- guarantee a geographical balance over the life of the programme
for projets situés;
- ensure a balance between the variety of
types of heritage in the region.
2) Criteria at the level of the national institution and/or the owner:
- there is a strong commitment to allocate resources to the conservation
of the site, during and after the projet situé;
- the will to work
in partnership with the AFRICA 2009 team;
- the will to establish this
partnership on a long term basis so that results can be properly
- the will to work within the aims and ethics of the projets situés,
as defined above.
As was suggested at the Directors Seminars, there will have links
between Africa 2009 and the "Global Strategy" in the view of increasing
the representation of African heritage on the World Heritage List. Therefore,
the preparation of nominations to the World Heritage List will also be considered
for projets situés.
It should be noted that the projets situés that have been implemented to date have dealt mostly with heritage sites
of a limited dimension. In the medium term, AFRICA 2009 program is committed
to developing projects of a larger dimension related to historic urban
and rural areas, and to cultural landscapes. Projects aiming at developing
and to establish their subsequent juridical, institutional and administrative
frameworks at national levels will also be considered.
Format for requests (Download
form in Word format)
Please fill the form with brief and accurate information. No text
should exceed 150 words if possible (e.g. description, history,
significance, state of conservation…). Do not hesitate to
add information if relevant (photographs). Information which does
not fit in the form can be attached separately (e.g. budget, planning).
In this case, mention the attachment in the form. PLEASE NOTE:
Applications submitted should be endorsed and signed by the National
of Cultural Heritage (or the Director or Head of the principle national
institution responsible for conservation of immovable cultural heritage)".
Please do not hesitate to contact us for further information when
preparing your request. Return the filled forms to CRATerre-ENSAG,
at the following address:
AFRICA 2009 – Technical Assistance for projets situés
38036 Grenoble Cedex 2, FRANCE
Tel : +33 (0)4 7669 8341/ Fax : +33 (0)4 7495 6421 (only dial the “0” if
calling from France)
e-mail: thierry.joffroy @grenoble.archi.fr
African Organizations in Charge of Immovable Cultural Heritage
UNESCO World Heritage